Garfield County is in Southeast Washington and bound by Asoting County on the east, the Snake River and Whitman County on the north, Columbia County on the west and the Grand Ronde River and the state of Oregon to the south.  Elevations range from 600 feet along the Snake River to 6,250 feet within the Umatilla National Forest.  It is the seventh smallest and elast populous county in the state at 2,215 residents and at 712.8 square miles.  Privat property makes up 345,000 acres within the county, which is 71% of landownership.

Agriculture in Garfield County consists of Dryland, Rangelands, Private Forest lands and irrigated lands.  Dryland agriculture comprises most of the land cover within the county’s 57% and produces fall and spring crops.  Additionally, rangelands are 39%, private forest lands 3%, and irrigated lands account for a very small amount <.005% of agricultural activity within the county.  


In Garfield County you will find the average farms size to be 1,462 acres which is up from 1,290 acres in 2007  and varies from the 517 farms that are scattered in the 712.8 square miles.  Among these farms the Voluntary Stewardship Program Work Group divided the County into eight watersheds to establish a more localized planning approach and ease of monitoring during implementation of the work plan.  These watersheds are:

  • Alpowa Creek
  • Pataha Creek
  • Deadman Creek
  • Meadow Creek
  • New York Gultch
  • Dry Gulch
  • Snake River Tributaries
  • Tumalum Creek


Video is sponsored by the Palouse Conservation District